World Issues Review

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David Spencer's Education Paragon is a free educational resource portal helping David Spencer's secondary school students, their parents and teaching colleagues with understanding, designing, applying and delivering assessment, curriculum, educational resources, evaluation and literacy skills accurately and effectively. This wiki features educational resources for Indigenous Aboriginal education, field trips for educators, law and justice education, music education and outdoor, environmental and experiential education. Since our web site launch on September 27, 2006, online site statistics and web rankings indicate there are currently 1,888 pages and 20,185,651 page views using 7.85 Gig of bandwidth per month. Pages are written, edited, published and hosted by Brampton, Ontario, Canada based educator David Spencer. On social media, you may find David as @DavidSpencerEdu on Twitter, as DavidSpencerdotca on and DavidSpencer on Prezi. Please send your accolades, feedback and resource suggestions to David Spencer. Share on social media with the hashtag #EducationParagon. Thank you for visiting. You may contact David Spencer here.

The following resources are helpful to parents and teachers:

  1. Book: Supporting Successful Transition from Primary to Secondary School by Tina Rae (2014)
  2. Book: Book: Last Child in the Woods by Richard Louv (2008)
  3. Book: Digital Tools for Teaching: 30 E-tools for Collaborating, Creating, and Publishing across the Curriculum by Steve Johnson (2013)
  4. DVD video: Canadian Popular Music in the '60's, '70's & '80's by EMI Music Canada (2012)
  5. DVD video: Canada: A People's History produced by Mark Starowicz (2001).
  6. Book: Fire in the Bones: Bill Mason and the Canadian Canoeing Tradition by James Raffan (1999)

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Please NOTE. This summative review was posted in 2010 and is now out of date. Please contact your school curriculum head, curriculum coordinator at your school board and Ontario Association for Geographic and Environmental Education/ Association and Ontario History and Social Science Teachers' Association (OHASSTA) for help to develop your Canadian and World Issues:A Geographic Analysis (CGW4U) course.

World Issues Review for ILC Course CGW4U

Your final summative evaluation contains the following sections:

  • Part A: Multiple Choice
  • Part B: Terms and Definitions
  • Part C: Short Answer
  • Part D: Long Answer


  1. Why do Sub-Sahaaran countries experience large amounts of poverty? Explain.
  2. How does education of children help a society deal with poverty? Explain.
  3. How has Niger's food shortage affected children? Explain.
  4. How does gender discrimination affect education of children? Explain.
  5. Why is China's population growth only 6.8% while Ethiopia's population growth is as high as 132.8% per year? Explain.
  6. How could a government lower the fertility rate of it's country? Explain.
  7. Why do countries with a low GDP/capita have high birth rates? Explain.
  8. Why should Canada be concerned with low fertility rates? Explain.
  9. Why should Canada be concerned with an aging population? Explain.
  10. How does debt affect some African countries?
  11. Why should developed countries provide international aid? Explain.
  12. How could a family be affected by involuntary migration? Explain.
  13. Describe the situation in the past when the United States was involved in human trafficking.
  14. Describe two (2) positive and two (2) negative aspects of immigration on society.
  15. List the three (3) classifications for immigrants in Canada.
  16. Why does Canada favour immigrant with education and work experience? Explain.
  17. Provide four (4) reasons why people should be concerned about global consumption.
  18. Provide two (2) reasons why fish stocks are depleting.
  19. Describe two (2) rules of the Convention on the Law of the Sea.
  20. Describe the problem with food on farms that grows faster.
  21. Why is fertilizer expensive? Explain.
  22. Describe three (3) drawbacks of using fertilizer.
  23. Why should people be concerned about pesticide residue on fruit and vegetables?
  24. Explain how megadams can negatively impact soil.
  25. How has the "taste shift" in China affecting food production and the economy? Explain.
  26. Outline the activities of the first Green Revolution.
  27. Outline the advantages of integrated pest management.
  28. Outline how road building in African countries could help with food distribution.
  29. Outline four (4) unique properties of water.
  30. Should Canada sell her fresh water to other countries? Explain.
  31. Outline the Devils' Lake project in Manitoba.
  32. Describe four (4) points about the importance of trees.
  33. How does the slash and burn forestry method negatively affect the environment? Explain.
  34. Why are areas flooded when building a hydro-electric dam?
  35. How does flooding land for a hydro-electric dam affect the land and wildlife and people in the floodplain?
  36. Should Kurdistan become its own state? Explain.
  37. How does current approaches to warfare differ from 80 years ago? Explain.
  38. In your opinion, how should countries fight terrorism? Explain.
  39. Provide three (3) reasons why some people do not take the issue of global warming seriously.
  40. Provide three (3) consequences of global warming.
  41. Outline three (3) environmental issues facing the Niagara, Ontario region.
  42. Outline three (3) ways oceans are polluted.
  43. Describe two (2) environmental advantages of coral reefs.
  44. Outline three (3) threats to coral reefs.
  45. Outline three (3) negative side effects of using pesticides while growing crops.
  46. Describe the infrastructure and lifestyle in a typical developing country.
  47. Outline three (3) ways the world has become more interconnected.
  48. Outline the Metaclad lawsuit against the Mexican government.
  49. Outline the impact large multi-national corporations have on the environment and human rights.
  50. Outline three (3) examples of gender inequality in the world.
  51. Why are there so many abortions of females in India? Explain.
  52. Why do women do better economically in Kerala, India? Explain.
  53. If you were Prime Minister of Canada, what would you do to match the wages of women with men doing the same job?
  54. Outline three (3) root causes for the number of pregnant teens in Canada.
  55. If you were Prime Minister of Canada, how would you help to reduce the number of pregnant teens in Canada?
  56. Why has life expectancy in developed countries increased? Explain.
  57. Outline three (3) ways to reduce the spread of malaria.
  58. How has the Stephen Lewis Foundation helped society? Explain.
  59. Outline the impact of child labour to a society.
  60. Outline the impact of child soldiers to a society.
  61. Outline the parameters of the Millenium Development Goal
  62. Outline how the increase in tourism will affect culture and the economy worldwide.
  63. Outline three (3) negative impacts of tourism on communities.
  64. How has terrorism recently affected society?
  65. Outline one world issue you feel should be dealt with. Provide three solutions.


  • Maude Barlow
  • Tony Clarke
  • Jane Goodall
  • Garrett Hardin
  • James Lovelock
  • Wangari Maathai
  • Muammar Qadhafi
  • Jeffrey Sachs
  • Lawrence Solomon
  • David Suzuki


Define each term and explain the significance to the study of world issues.

  • albedo
  • baby boomer
  • bias
  • bilateral aid
  • boreal forest
  • Bretton Woods Institution
  • carbon dioxide levels
  • cash crops
  • chauvinism
  • Chipko Movement
  • chronic persistent hunger
  • Clayoquot Sound
  • climate change
  • colonialism
  • critical resources
  • debt trap
  • deforestation
  • developed country
  • developing country
  • disenfranchised
  • doubling time
  • ecological footprint
  • ecological overshoot
  • ethnic group
  • Exxon Mobil
  • foreign aid
  • Gaia hypothesis
  • global village
  • global warming
  • Green Belt Movement
  • Heavily Indebted Poor Countries HIPC
  • Horn of Africa
  • human poverty
  • human trafficking
  • income poverty
  • infant mortality
  • informal economies
  • Kyoto Protocol
  • life expectancy
  • malnourishment
  • methane levels
  • Montreal Protocol
  • multilateral aid
  • neoliberalism
  • neocolonialism
  • non-renewable resource
  • One Child Policy
  • perforated state
  • push pull factors in migration
  • renewable resource
  • scattergraph
  • seasonal migrants
  • slum
  • stakeholder
  • structural adjustment programs
  • sustainability
  • tragedy of the commons
  • United Nations Human Development Report
  • World Trade Organization (WTO)