The Holocaust

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The Holocaust

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.

During the era of the Holocaust, German authorities also targeted other groups because of their perceived "racial inferiority": Roma (Gypsies), the disabled, and some of the Slavic peoples (Poles, Russians, and others). Other groups were persecuted on political, ideological, and behavioral grounds, among them Communists, Socialists, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals.

Source: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Holocaust Museums

  • United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is a living memorial to the Holocaust, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum inspires citizens and leaders worldwide to confront hatred, promote human dignity, and prevent genocide.
  • Controversy over National Museum of Human Rights in Winnipeg
    Organizers pushing to build the Canadian Museum for Human Rights see Winnipeg as the ideal location for their project, the first national museum outside the Ottawa region and the last, unfinished vision of the late Izzy ASPER, who championed the idea of building a monument to HUMAN RIGHTS in his hometown. Asper envisaged an institution dedicated to Canadian issues like the Charter of Rights, residential schools, and the Acadian expulsion, as well as global events such as the Holocaust and the Rwandan genocide.

Holocaust References

  • Auschwitz Survivor Remembers
    1.5 million people, mostly Jews, who died there - and the Red Army soldiers who freed about 7,000 prisoners on Jan. 27, 1945. Toronto consulting engineer Nathan Leipciger, 65, and his father, Jack, endured three months in Auschwitz, the first in a series of concentration camps to which they were sent. His mother, Leah, and sister, Blima, perished there. In this reminiscence, Leipciger chronicles the last four months of his incarceration before the Allies forced Germany’s surrender on May 7, 1945.

  • Swiss Banks Confront Nazi Past
    Nearly 1,000 survivors and relatives of Holocaust victims who have submitted claims to Switzerland's banking ombudsman for assets that the ultra-secret and bureaucratic Swiss banking establishment had steadfastly refused to acknowledge until late 1995. Mounting international pressure - spearheaded by the World Jewish Congress and the U.S. government - has plunged a quiet country of seven million people into a moral accounting of its banking secrecy laws, its wartime record, and the principle of neutrality on which its national identity is based.

  • Anti-Semitism
    From the beginning, anti-Semitism in Canada was never restricted to the extremists of society. Rather, it has always been part of the mainstream, shared to varying degrees by all elements of the nation. Until the 1950s it had respectability; no one apologized for being anti-Jewish - no one asked them to. Expressions of anti-Semitism were heard in the halls of Parliament, read in the press, taught in the schools and absorbed in most churches.