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MOOC is a massive open online course () is a type of online course aimed at large-scale participation and open access via the web. MOOCs are a recent development in the area of distance education, and a progression of the kind of open education ideals suggested by open educational resources." (Wikipedia contributors, 2013)
Though the design of and participation in a MOOC may be similar to college or university courses, MOOCs typically do not offer credits awarded to paying students at schools. However, assessment of learning may be done for certification.
The New York Times named 2012 the Year of the MOOC. "Traditional online courses charge tuition, carry credit and limit enrollment to a few dozen to ensure interaction with instructors. The MOOC, on the other hand, is usually free, credit-less and, well, massive." "Because anyone with an Internet connection can enroll, faculty can’t possibly respond to students individually." "MOOC presentations are short, 8 to 12 minutes is typical. Then — this is key — videos pause perhaps twice for a quiz to make sure you understand the material or, in computer programming, to let you write code. Feedback is electronic. Teaching assistants may monitor discussion boards. There may be homework and a final exam." (Pappano, 2012)
"The shimmery hope is that free courses can bring the best education in the world to the most remote corners of the planet, help people in their careers, and expand intellectual and personal networks." (Pappano, 2012)
"Ray Schroeder, director of the Center for Online Learning, Research and Service at the University of Illinois, Springfield, says three things matter most in online learning: quality of material covered, engagement of the teacher and interaction among students." "“What’s frustrating in a MOOC is the instructor is not as available because there are tens of thousands of others in the class,” Dr. Schroeder says. How do you make the massive feel intimate?" (Pappano, 2012)
"Dr. Agarwal predicts that “a year from now, campuses will give credit for people with edX certificates.” He expects students will one day arrive on campus with MOOC credits the way they do now with Advanced Placement." (Pappano, 2012)
"Cheating in the MOOC system is a reality. “We found groups of 20 people in a course submitting identical homework,” says David Patterson, a professor at the University of California, Berkeley, who teaches software engineering, in a tone of disbelief at such blatant copying; Udacity and edX now offer proctored exams." (Pappano, 2012)
"The University of Toronto is the first Canadian school to tap into the exploding interest in open online courses, signing on with a startup led by heavyweight U.S. schools such as Stanford and Princeton." (Bradshaw, 2012)
"The U of T will be the lone Canadian university among 11 international schools announced on Tuesday as new partners in Coursera, a major U.S.-based venture offering “massive open online courses” (MOOCs), a rapidly expanding trend whereby top schools offer free online instruction to anyone who signs up." (Bradshaw, 2012)
"Canadian schools are starting to see MOOCs as a way to “dramatically increase the visibility of their brand,” and to reach the growing middle class in emerging countries such as India and Brazil, said Maxim Jean-Louis, president of distance education network Contact North. " (Bradshaw, 2012)
Success Rates of MOOC
Others like the discipline a group offers. Kimberly Spillman, a software engineer, started taking seven MOOCs and completed three. “The ones I have study groups with people, those are the ones I finish,”
"People can only believe that MOOCs can replace existing higher-education classes if they misunderstand what a teacher does." says Mark Guzdial, a professor in the School of Interactive Computing at Georgia Institute of Technology.
"Massively open online courses, or MOOCs, are not credit-bearing. But a pathway to college credit for the courses already exists -- one that experts say many students may soon take." (Fain, 2012)
"Andrew Ng, Coursera’s co-founder and an engineering professor at Stanford University, said the prior-learning pathway to credits for MOOCs is “fantastic” and a “big value add for students.” (Fain, 2012)
Resources About MOOC
- Bradshaw, James. The Globe & Mail. 16 July 2012. <http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/u-of-t-signs-on-to-startup-offering-online-courses/article4421732/>.
- Cantwell, Laureen P. "What Teachers Can Learn As Students in MOOCs, from #globaled12" http://facultyecommons.com/what-teachers-can-learn-as-students-in-moocs-laureen-p-cantwell-from-globaled12/
- Guzdial, Mark "MOOCs are a fundamental misperception of how teaching works" 2012<http://computinged.wordpress.com/2013/01/04/moocs-are-a-fundamental-misperception-of-how-learning-works/>.
- Guzdial, Mark "The End of the University as We Know It — One of Two Visions of a MOOC-filled World" 2012. <http://computinged.wordpress.com/2013/01/04/the-end-of-the-university-as-we-know-it-one-of-two-visions-of-a-mooc-filled-world/>.
- Lieszkovszky, Ida. "How MOOC’s are Changing Higher Ed" stateimpact.npr 12 December 2012 <http://stateimpact.npr.org/ohio/2012/12/11/how-moocs-are-changing-higher-ed/>.
- Fain, Paul. "Making It Count". InsideHigherEd.com. 15 June 2012 <http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2012/06/15/earning-college-credit-moocs-through-prior-learning-assessment>.
- PAPPANO, LAURA. "The Year of the MOOC". New York Times. 2 November 2012.<http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/04/education/edlife/massive-open-online-courses-are-multiplying-at-a-rapid-pace.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0>
- Wikipedia contributors. "Massive open online course." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 4 Jan. 2013. Web. 5 Jan. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massive_open_online_course>.
- "Latest MOOC Resources" http://facultyecommons.com/latest-mooc-resources/
- Center for Online Learning, Research, and Service , University of Illinois at Springfield http://www.uis.edu/colrs/
- “The Year of the MOOC” Free College Level Online Courses From Harvard, Stanford, and M.I.T. http://theentrepreneurssurvivalkit.blogspot.ca/2012/11/the-year-of-mooc-free-college-level.html
- "My experiences relating to moocs" http://facultyecommons.com/what-is-a-mooc-massive-online-open-course-and-the-learner-perspective/
- HLWIKI International. "Massive open online courses (MOOCs)" <http://hlwiki.slais.ubc.ca/index.php/Massive_open_online_courses_%28MOOCs%29>.
- "Changing Course: TEN YEARS OF TRACKING ONLINE EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES Survey" (PDF) by I. Elaine Allen and Jeﬀ Seaman, Babson Survey Research Group; based on responses from over 2,800 Chief Academic Officers (CAOs) and academic leaders. Survey by Babson Survey Research Group, Pearson and Quahog Research Group, LLC.
- "In the Developing World, MOOCs Start to Get Real" By Jessica Leber on March 15, 2013 via technologyreview.com
- "Massive Open Online Courses, aka MOOCs, Transform Higher Education and Science": Science, engineering and technology courses have been in the vanguard of the massive open online course movement. These classes also are providing fodder for scientific research on learning By M. Mitchell Waldrop and Nature magazine 2013