Five Themes of Geography

From David Spencer's Education Paragon: Helping students develop citizenship, faith, literacy, responsibility and vision
Jump to: navigation, search

David Spencer's Education Paragon is a free educational resource portal helping David Spencer's secondary school students, their parents and teaching colleagues with understanding, designing, applying and delivering assessment, curriculum, educational resources, evaluation and literacy skills accurately and effectively. This wiki features educational resources for Indigenous Aboriginal education, field trips for educators, law and justice education, music education and outdoor, environmental and experiential education. Since our web site launch on September 27, 2006, online site statistics and web rankings indicate there are currently 1,888 pages and 20,185,651 page views using 7.85 Gig of bandwidth per month. Pages are written, edited, published and hosted by Brampton, Ontario, Canada based educator David Spencer. On social media, you may find David as @DavidSpencerEdu on Twitter, as DavidSpencerdotca on and DavidSpencer on Prezi. Please send your accolades, feedback and resource suggestions to David Spencer. Share on social media with the hashtag #EducationParagon. Thank you for visiting. You may contact David Spencer here.

The following resources are helpful to parents and teachers:

  1. Book: Supporting Successful Transition from Primary to Secondary School by Tina Rae (2014)
  2. Book: Book: Last Child in the Woods by Richard Louv (2008)
  3. Book: Digital Tools for Teaching: 30 E-tools for Collaborating, Creating, and Publishing across the Curriculum by Steve Johnson (2013)
  4. DVD video: Canadian Popular Music in the '60's, '70's & '80's by EMI Music Canada (2012)
  5. DVD video: Canada: A People's History produced by Mark Starowicz (2001).
  6. Book: Fire in the Bones: Bill Mason and the Canadian Canoeing Tradition by James Raffan (1999)

< Home Flagcanadamini.gif | Categories | Courses | Educators | Glossary | Images | Literacy | New | Parents | Popular | Search | Students


Five Themes of Geography

The five Themes of Geography originated by the National Geographic Society to fulfill a need for geographers (people who study the earth and everything on it) to categorize everything they learn. The five themes were written in 1984 by the Joint Committee on Geographic Education of the National Council for Geographic Education (NCGE) and the Association of American Geographers (AAG).

Theme 1: Location

  1. Where is it?
  2. Why is it located there?
  3. Absolute location is given in degrees of latitude and longitude.
  4. Relative location depends upon your point of reference. Is the location near, far, a short walk away, a short drive away.

Theme 2: Place

  1. What is it like?
  2. Physical Features (characteristics)­ Landforms (mountain, plateau, peninsula), Ecosystems (plants, animals),
  3. Bodies of water (oceans, bays, lakes, rivers)
  4. Human Features (characteristics) - bridges, roads, buildings
  5. All places have features that distinguish them from other places.

Theme 3: Human/Environment Interaction

  1. Humans depend on the environment
  2. Humans adapt to the environment
  3. Humans modify the environment
  4. How do people interact with and change the environment?

Theme 4: Movement

  1. Movement is the flow of people, ideas and goods such as transportation, communication and trade.
  2. There are patterns of movement such as migration.
  3. There are linkages and connections between regions and places.
  4. How are people and places linked by communication and transportation?
  5. How are trading partners moving goods through imports and exports?

Theme 5: Regions

  1. Regions can be defined on the basis of:
    a) Physical Features - landforms, climate, soil, vegetation (ie. grassland, marshland, desert, rain forest)
    b) Human Features - government, political divisions, religions, economic system, language, culture
  2. Region is a basic unit for geographic study.
  3. What are the unifying features of the region and how do they form and change over time?
  4. How can Earth be divided into regions for study?