From David Spencer's Education Paragon: Helping students develop citizenship, faith, literacy, responsibility and vision
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David Spencer's Education Paragon is a free educational resource portal helping David Spencer's secondary school students, their parents and teaching colleagues with understanding, designing, applying and delivering assessment, curriculum, educational resources, evaluation and literacy skills accurately and effectively. This wiki features educational resources for Indigenous Aboriginal education, field trips for educators, law and justice education, music education and outdoor, environmental and experiential education. Since our web site launch on September 27, 2006, online site statistics and web rankings indicate there are currently 1,888 pages and 20,185,651 page views using 7.85 Gig of bandwidth per month. Pages are written, edited, published and hosted by Brampton, Ontario, Canada based educator David Spencer. On social media, you may find David as @DavidSpencerEdu on Twitter, as DavidSpencerdotca on and DavidSpencer on Prezi. Please send your accolades, feedback and resource suggestions to David Spencer. Share on social media with the hashtag #EducationParagon. Thank you for visiting. You may contact David Spencer here.

The following resources are helpful to parents and teachers:

  1. Book: Supporting Successful Transition from Primary to Secondary School by Tina Rae (2014)
  2. Book: Book: Last Child in the Woods by Richard Louv (2008)
  3. Book: Digital Tools for Teaching: 30 E-tools for Collaborating, Creating, and Publishing across the Curriculum by Steve Johnson (2013)
  4. DVD video: Canadian Popular Music in the '60's, '70's & '80's by EMI Music Canada (2012)
  5. DVD video: Canada: A People's History produced by Mark Starowicz (2001).
  6. Book: Fire in the Bones: Bill Mason and the Canadian Canoeing Tradition by James Raffan (1999)

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Civics (CHV2O) Course Description

This course explores what it means to be an informed, participating citizen in a democratic society. Students will learn about the elements of democracy in local, national, and global contexts, about political reactions to social change, and about political decision-making processes in Canada. They will explore their own and others’ ideas about civics questions and learn how to think critically about public issues and react responsibly to them.

Course Title: Civics

Course Code: CHV2O

Grade: 10

Course Type: Open

Credit Value: 0.5

Civics (CHV2O) Overall Expectations

Informed Citizenship
Overall Expectations demonstrate an understanding of the need for democratic decision making; explain the legal rights and responsibilities associated with Canadian citizenship; describe the main structures and functions of municipal, provincial, and federal governments in Canada; explain what it means to be a "global citizen" and why it is important to be one.
Purposeful Citizenship
Overall Expectations demonstrate an understanding of the beliefs and values underlying democratic citizenship and explain how they guide citizens' actions; describe the diversity of beliefs and values of various individuals and groups in Canadian society; analyse responses, at the local, national, and international levels, to civic issues that involve multiple perspectives and differing civic purposes.
Active Citizenship
Overall Expectations apply appropriate inquiry skills to the research of questions and issues of civic importance; demonstrate an understanding of the various ways in which decisions are made and conflicts resolved in matters of civic importance, and the various ways in which individual citizens participate in these processes.

Civics (CHV2O) Teaching/Learning Strategies

Since the over-riding aim of this course is to help students use language skillfully, confidently and flexibly, a wide variety of instructional strategies are used to provide learning opportunities to accommodate a variety of learning styles, interests and ability levels. These include:


  • Survey Construction and Analysis
  • Discussions
  • Newspaper Articles Analysis
  • Analyzing Articles
  • Quiz Construction

Independent Research

  • Direct Instruction
  • Guided Internet Research
  • Game Construction
  • Video Analysis

Directed Reading Activities

  • Writing to Learn
  • Multimedia Productions
  • Interviews
  • Guided Research

Civics (CHV2O) Textbooks

  1. Civics Canada Online Textbook

Civics (CHV2O) Teaching Networks

  1. The Civics Education Network is a non-profit organization, which aims to promote a sense of civic responsibility among youth by supporting and improving political education in our public schools. In so doing, we hope to encourage student engagement and participation, both within and outside the classroom environment.

Civics (CHV2O) Online Resources

  1. Civics Lessons and Quizzes from OHASSTA - Ontario History and Social Science Teachers' Association
  2. CIVICS- CHV201 COURSE OUTLINE from Bur Oak Secondary School
  3. Mr. John Bulger's Civics CHV2O Course OUtline
  4. Ms. Grants Civics Unit Outline from Ms. Grants Classes
  5. Mr. Bourgase's Grade 10 Civics at Forest Hill Collegiate Institute
  6. Mrs. Smith's Civics Resources from Mrs. Smith's Classroom Online
  7. Quiz on Canadian Prime Ministers
  8. Review of the Roots of Youth Violence in Ontario
  9. Civic Mirror allows students to experiment with the course content. It provides students with a voice and enlivens the curriculum by turning them into citizens of their own country, with their own families, government, court, economy, and environment. The Civic Mirror also makes it easy for teachers to be dynamic and effective. Because the website and companion manuals provide teachers everything they need, it literally save hours upon hours of hair-pulling time trying to innovate, and it virtually guarantees student participation in the classroom.
  10. Canadian Democracy
  11. Civics Canada Online