Royal Botanical Gardens

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David Spencer's Education Paragon is a free educational resource portal helping David Spencer's secondary school students, their parents and teaching colleagues with understanding, designing, applying and delivering assessment, curriculum, educational resources, evaluation and literacy skills accurately and effectively. This wiki features educational resources for Indigenous Aboriginal education, field trips for educators, law and justice education, music education and outdoor, environmental and experiential education. Since our web site launch on September 27, 2006, online site statistics and web rankings indicate there are currently 1,888 pages and 20,185,651 page views using 7.85 Gig of bandwidth per month. Pages are written, edited, published and hosted by Brampton, Ontario, Canada based educator David Spencer. On social media, you may find David as @DavidSpencerEdu on Twitter, as DavidSpencerdotca on and DavidSpencer on Prezi. Please send your accolades, feedback and resource suggestions to David Spencer. Share on social media with the hashtag #EducationParagon. Thank you for visiting. You may contact David Spencer here.

The following resources are helpful to parents and teachers:

  1. Book: Supporting Successful Transition from Primary to Secondary School by Tina Rae (2014)
  2. Book: Book: Last Child in the Woods by Richard Louv (2008)
  3. Book: Digital Tools for Teaching: 30 E-tools for Collaborating, Creating, and Publishing across the Curriculum by Steve Johnson (2013)
  4. DVD video: Canadian Popular Music in the '60's, '70's & '80's by EMI Music Canada (2012)
  5. DVD video: Canada: A People's History produced by Mark Starowicz (2001).
  6. Book: Fire in the Bones: Bill Mason and the Canadian Canoeing Tradition by James Raffan (1999)

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Royal Botanical Gardens

Royal Botanical Gardens (RBG) enjoys a worldwide reputation based on its first-class horticultural collection and natural lands. It is Canada’s largest botanical garden and one of the country’s premier cultural, education and scientific institutions. It has extensive educational programs and serves as an outdoor laboratory for scientific research.

RBG was established as an independent entity in 1941 by an act of the provincial government, but the project traces its origins to the late 1920s when the City of Hamilton began acquiring land for the beautification of the city’s northwest entrance. In the 1920s, under the chairmanship of Thomas Baker McQuesten, the Hamilton Board of Parks Management recognized the need for a counterpart in southwestern Ontario to Canada’s two botanical gardens--the Central Experimental Farm in Ottawa, and the University of British Columbia Gardens in Vancouver. McQuesten was a student of plant cultivation and garden design and he convinced the Board of Parks Management to include a botanical garden in the redevelopment plan for the city’s northwest entrance.

The Cootes Paradise Sanctuary is the Gardens’ natural treasure. Ecosystems within the 250-hectare (620-acre) marsh, at the westernmost tip of Lake Ontario, have been devastated by invasive fish and plant species, as well as human intervention.

The largest fresh-water marsh restoration project of its kind in North America is helping to bring Cootes Paradise back to its former glory. The operation of a innovative fish barrier has reduced dramatically the population of harmful carp, and has promoted the return of beneficial species to the marsh.

The Nature Interpretive Centre, at the Arboretum, introduces the general public to the geology, history, wildlife and restoration of the natural area and Cootes Paradise. RBG runs public and school interpretive programs from the Centre to illustrate the diversity of life in the Hendrie Valley and that section of the Niagara Escarpment known as the Rock Chapel Sanctuary.

Royal Botanical Gardens is the only Canadian botanical garden to have maintained consistent growth and development. Moreover, it is the result of the joint effort of talented landscape architects, botanists and plan curators, thereby reflecting a historical and aesthetic character that is distinct in Canada.

Contact the Royal Botanical Gardens

Royal Botanical Gardens
680 Plains Road West
Burlington ON L7T 4H4 Canada


Telephone: 905-527-1158

Toll free: 1-800-694-4769


Royal Botanical Gardens. 3 May 2009. <>