WE2 Unit 8

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David Spencer's Education Paragon is a free educational resource portal helping David Spencer's secondary school students, their parents and teaching colleagues with understanding, designing, applying and delivering assessment, curriculum, educational resources, evaluation and literacy skills accurately and effectively. This wiki features educational resources for Indigenous Aboriginal education, field trips for educators, Davids Music Jam, law and justice education, music education and outdoor, environmental and experiential education. Since our web site launch 10.5 years ago on September 27, 2006, online site statistics and web rankings indicate there are currently 1,868 pages and 11,682,604 page views using 7.85 Gig of bandwidth per month. Pages are written, edited, published and hosted by Brampton, Ontario, Canada based educator David Spencer. On social media, you may find David as @DavidSpencerEdu on Twitter, as DavidSpencerdotca on Linkedin.com and DavidSpencer on Prezi. Please send your accolades, feedback and resource suggestions to David Spencer. Share on social media with the hashtag #EducationParagon


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Shortcut is http://we2.davidspencer.ca
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CU Topics for WE1 | CU Topics for WE2


The Wilderness Experience Semester Two with David is an integrated program designed for an alternative secondary school setting by educator David Spencer. Wilderness Experience 2 (WE2) program provides three (3) secondary school course credits during semester two. Students should attend and participate in all classes, outdoor field trips and events. Literacy and communication skills developed during this program include jot note writing, writing journal entries, researching in public, college and university libraries, interviewing, script writing and oral reading comprehension. New media technology skills developed include audio and video recording presentations for the DVD authoring and documentary production for FM radio broadcasting and web podcasting. Students will be provided with opportunities to learn how to research, plan for, promote, hold and debrief a community event about an issue facing Indigenous Peoples.

Download the Wilderness Experience Information Brochure (PDF format).


Program: WE2 Wilderness Experience Semester Two with David program integrates two Ontario Ministry of Education certified courses:

  • Environmental Science (SVN3M) This course provides students with the fundamental knowledge of and skills relating to environmental science that will help them succeed in life after secondary school. Students will explore a range of topics, including the role of science in addressing contemporary environmental challenges; the impact of the environment on human health; sustainable agriculture and forestry; the reduction and management of waste; and the conservation of energy. Students will increase their scientific and environmental literacy and examine the interrelationships between science, the environment, and society in a variety of areas. See more of the SVN3M Curriculum Guideline from the Ontario Ministry of Education. Text used is Environmental Science Interactions.
  • Interdisciplinary Studies (IDC40G) This course emphasizes the development of practical skills and knowledge to solve problems, make decisions, create personal meaning, and present findings beyond the scope of a single subject or discipline. Through individual and collaborative inquiry and research into contemporary issues, real-life situations, and careers, students will apply the principles and skills derived from the complementary subjects and disciplines studied, evaluate the reliability of information, and examine how information technology can be used safely, effectively, and legally. They will also learn how to select strategies to define problems, research alternative solutions, assess their thinking in reaching decisions, and adapt to change as they acquire new knowledge. See more of the IDC40G Curriculum Guideline from the Ontario Ministry of Education.

Unit 8

Location: Field Trip

Today's Tasks


  1. During our field trip, make jot notes on the teaching provided by Johnny, Adam and Dayne at Downsview Park. A=__/20 marks
  2. Write a paragraph describing the location, mandate and services of the Peel Aboriginal Network. T=__/10 marks
  3. What is a smudging ceremony in First Nations culture? Explain T=__/10 marks
  4. Name and describe the Four Sacred Medicines used in many First Nations cultures? Explain. T=__/10 marks
  5. Draw and label a diagram of the Medicine Wheel. C=__/10 marks
  6. Examine the map showing First Nations reserves in Ontario today and how to read the map. Select a city and record the city name and the name of the five (5) closest First Nations reserves. C=__/10 marks
  7. Watch the film "We Were Children" about Canada's Residential Schools. Click on the English icon to watch the ful 1.5 hr film. Take notes and summarize what happened. Comment on how the film impacted you. Share your comments
    A=__25 marks
    Synopsis: As young children, Lyna and Glen were taken from their homes and placed in church-run boarding schools. The trauma of this experience was made worse by years of untold physical, sexual and emotional abuse, the effects of which persist in their adult lives. In this emotional film, the profound impact of the Canadian government's residential school system is conveyed unflinchingly through the eyes of two children who were forced to face hardships beyond their years. We Were Children gives voice to a national tragedy and demonstrates the incredible resilience of the human spirit.
  8. Work on your two (2) Culminating Units.