WE2 Unit 12

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David Spencer's Education Paragon is a free educational resource portal helping David Spencer's secondary school students, their parents and teaching colleagues with understanding, designing, applying and delivering assessment, curriculum, educational resources, evaluation and literacy skills accurately and effectively. This wiki features educational resources for Indigenous Aboriginal education, field trips for educators, Davids Music Jam, law and justice education, music education and outdoor, environmental and experiential education. Since our web site launch 10.5 years ago on September 27, 2006, online site statistics and web rankings indicate there are currently 1,868 pages and 11,682,604 page views using 7.85 Gig of bandwidth per month. Pages are written, edited, published and hosted by Brampton, Ontario, Canada based educator David Spencer. On social media, you may find David as @DavidSpencerEdu on Twitter, as DavidSpencerdotca on Linkedin.com and DavidSpencer on Prezi. Please send your accolades, feedback and resource suggestions to David Spencer. Share on social media with the hashtag #EducationParagon


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Shortcut is http://we2.davidspencer.ca
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CU Topics for WE1 | CU Topics for WE2


The Wilderness Experience Semester Two with David is an integrated program designed for an alternative secondary school setting by educator David Spencer. Wilderness Experience 2 (WE2) program provides three (3) secondary school course credits during semester two. Students should attend and participate in all classes, outdoor field trips and events. Literacy and communication skills developed during this program include jot note writing, writing journal entries, researching in public, college and university libraries, interviewing, script writing and oral reading comprehension. New media technology skills developed include audio and video recording presentations for the DVD authoring and documentary production for FM radio broadcasting and web podcasting. Students will be provided with opportunities to learn how to research, plan for, promote, hold and debrief a community event about an issue facing Indigenous Peoples.

Download the Wilderness Experience Information Brochure (PDF format).


Program: WE2 Wilderness Experience Semester Two with David program integrates two Ontario Ministry of Education certified courses:

  • Environmental Science (SVN3M) This course provides students with the fundamental knowledge of and skills relating to environmental science that will help them succeed in life after secondary school. Students will explore a range of topics, including the role of science in addressing contemporary environmental challenges; the impact of the environment on human health; sustainable agriculture and forestry; the reduction and management of waste; and the conservation of energy. Students will increase their scientific and environmental literacy and examine the interrelationships between science, the environment, and society in a variety of areas. See more of the SVN3M Curriculum Guideline from the Ontario Ministry of Education. Text used is Environmental Science Interactions.
  • Interdisciplinary Studies (IDC40G) This course emphasizes the development of practical skills and knowledge to solve problems, make decisions, create personal meaning, and present findings beyond the scope of a single subject or discipline. Through individual and collaborative inquiry and research into contemporary issues, real-life situations, and careers, students will apply the principles and skills derived from the complementary subjects and disciplines studied, evaluate the reliability of information, and examine how information technology can be used safely, effectively, and legally. They will also learn how to select strategies to define problems, research alternative solutions, assess their thinking in reaching decisions, and adapt to change as they acquire new knowledge. See more of the IDC40G Curriculum Guideline from the Ontario Ministry of Education.

Unit 12

Location: Classroom

Today's Tasks

  1. Participate in our Green Canoe Portage to the elementary school for our presentation to grade 3 and 4 students. Afterwards, write or type a journal entry describing your contributions, the responses of the children and what participants learned about Indigenous peoples and environmental science. A= __/20 marks
  2. Finish and hand in your research notes, bibliography and the rough draft of one of your Culminating Unit Topics. Environmental Science (SVN3M) or Issues of Indigenous Peoples in a Global Context (NDW4M) CU= __/30 marks
  3. Catch up on any incomplete assignments.
  4. See David if you have any questions about your current mark or your incomplete assignments.


Canoe tripping and camping

Green Canoe Portage

We will practice portaging our green canoe on our school yard. We will be carrying packs, canoe tripping barrels, tents, sleeping bags and more in preparation to walk to our local elementary school.

We will be planning safety logistics, GPS mapping the route with your smartphone and/or tablet, walking the route (without our canoe) to check for tripping hazards.

We’ll also talk about where you should stand when you teach outside, how to safely have the children enter, sit and exit the canoe, how to hold the canoe paddle how to solicit questions and more.

We will practice the Inuit Leg Wrestling do research on Inuit culture, history and inventions. Suggested Research Sources NFB: Unikkausivut - Sharing our Stories

Portage-for-kirk-1.jpg
Volunteers solo portaging a yellow canoe made from kevlar in memory
of Kirk Wipper Founder of the Canadian Canoe Museum.


Portage-for-kirk-2.jpg

How to Portage a Canoe

  1. Video: How to Tandem (two people) lift and portage a canoe

  2. Video: How to do the "Tepee Lift" for a solo (one person) portager

  3. Video: How to Solo lift and portage a canoe

Learning About Killarney Provincial Park

We are planning, getting in physical shape and learning canoe tripping skills in order to prepare for our canoeing and camping trip to Killarney Provincial Park.

  1. Create five (5) questions with answers about Killarney Provincial Park. C= __10 marks
  2. What is the one way distance by road from your home to Killarney Provincial Park? Refer to this GIS Map. T= __5 marks

Canoeing Skills

  1. In preparation for our canoe trip to Killarney Provincial Park, watch the video "Path of the Paddle" by Bill Mason. Type or write jot notes during the video. You may wish to type your notes in the Cloud with Google Docs, Microsoft SkyDrive,Dropbox. You may wish to use an online video jot note service.
  2. This visual production was originally produced on the visual medium called ______?
  3. Explain from the context of the film "Risk diminishes with skill and knowledge" and "The canoeist decides the direction the canoe travels".
  4. Go to Time 6:34. What is the first problem to overcome?
  5. What is the stern paddler's job?
  6. Using a canoe paddle, hockey stick or broom, explain how to perform the bow stroke, draw stroke, sweep stroke and J Stroke.
  7. What does the acronym NFB stand for?
  8. What is the mandate of the NFB? ## What is the theme of this NFB video playlist?
  9. Name one title and watch one (1) minute from this NFB video playlist.
  10. What is the theme of this NFB video playlist?
  11. Name one title and watch one (1) minute from this NFB video playlist. C=__/20 marks



Bill Mason

Bill Mason was a commercial artist, film maker, film director and producer for the National Film Board of Canada {NFB). He shared his passion for canoes and his skill in canoeing and travelling with his family and his solo canoe trip experiences through his films.

"Path of the Paddle" is a film starring and directed by Bill Mason that has been digitized and is now available on the NFB online viewing portal.


Kirk Wipper in Peterborough. Photo from the Official Kirk Wipper web site.

A True Canadian Portage in Honour of Kirk Wipper

Friends of Kirk Wipper organized an event whereby the many friends, colleagues and former students of Kirk showed their love and respect for a "true Canadian." As well as paying tribute to Kirk they raised funds for the Kirk Wipper leadership award at the University of Toronto and the Canadian Canoe Museum which Kirk Wipper helped establish. The essence of the tribute was a relay portaging a Swift canoe from Hart House at University of Toronto to the Canadian Canoe Museum, in Peterborough in his honour. Friends of Kirk demonstrated their respect for him by taking responsibility for portaging the canoe at least 500 metres each. Portagers raised money and donated it to the "Kirk Wipper Award" at University of Toronto and the Canadian Canoe Museum.