CU Topics for Physical Geography: Patterns, Processes and Interactions (CGF3MG)

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David Spencer's Education Paragon is a free educational resource portal helping David Spencer's secondary school students, their parents and teaching colleagues with understanding, designing, applying and delivering assessment, curriculum, educational resources, evaluation and literacy skills accurately and effectively. This wiki features educational resources for Indigenous Aboriginal education, field trips for educators, Davids Music Jam, law and justice education, music education and outdoor, environmental and experiential education. Since our web site launch 10.5 years ago on September 27, 2006, online site statistics and web rankings indicate there are currently 1,868 pages and 11,682,604 page views using 7.85 Gig of bandwidth per month. Pages are written, edited, published and hosted by Brampton, Ontario, Canada based educator David Spencer. On social media, you may find David as @DavidSpencerEdu on Twitter, as DavidSpencerdotca on Linkedin.com and DavidSpencer on Prezi. Please send your accolades, feedback and resource suggestions to David Spencer. Share on social media with the hashtag #EducationParagon


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CU Topics for Physical Geography


Physical Geography: Patterns, Processes and Interactions (CGF3M) with David


Course Code: CGF3M

Course Name: Physical Geography:Patterns,Processes and Interactions

Course Description: This course examines the major patterns of physical geography and the powerful forces that affect them. Students will investigate the dynamic nature of the earth, the evolving relationship between the planet and its people, and the factors that limit our ability to predict the changes that will occur. Students will use a wide range of geotechnologies and inquiry methods to investigate the distribution and interaction of the elements of their physical environment and to communicate their findings.

Prerequisite: Geography of Canada, Grade 9,Academic or Applied

Ontario Ministry of Education Curriculum Guidelines: (PDF)

Textbook Used: Chasmer,Ron. Earth Matters: Studies in Physical Geography. Oxford University Press, Don Mills, 2001 ISBN: 0-19-541555-8.


Student Responsibility
Students have many responsibilities with regard to their learning in school. Students who are willing to make the effort required and who are able to apply themselves will soon discover that there is a direct relationship between this effort and their achievement, and will therefore be more motivated to work. There will be some students, however, who will find it more difficult to take responsibility for their learning because of special challenges they face. For these students, the attention, patience, and encouragement of teachers can be extremely important factors for success. However, taking responsibility for one’s progress and learning is an important part of education for all students, regardless of their circumstances.

Successful mastery of concepts and skills in Canadian and world studies requires a sincere commitment to work, study, and the development or strengthening of appropriate skills. As well, students should be encouraged to actively pursue opportunities outside the classroom to extend and enrich their understanding of these subjects. For example, it is recommended that they create their own files on current events that relate to their areas of study, or that they explore subject-related volunteer opportunities, recreational reading materials, movies or documentaries, or public affairs programs on television.


Parent Responsibility
Parents have an important role to play in supporting student learning. Studies show that students perform better in school if their parents or guardians are involved in their education. By becoming familiar with the curriculum, parents can find out what is being taught in the courses their children are taking and what students are expected to learn. This awareness will enhance parents’ ability to discuss schoolwork with their children, to communicate with teachers, and to ask relevant questions about their children’s progress. Knowledge of the expectations in the various courses also helps parents to interpret teachers’ comments on student progress and to work with teachers to improve student learning.

The Canadian and world studies curriculum promotes lifelong learning not only for students but also for their parents and all those with an interest in education. In addition to supporting regular school activities, parents can help their sons and daughters by encouraging them to take an active interest in current events and issues and offering them opportunities to question and reflect on what is happening in the world. Other examples of effective ways to support student learning include attending parent-teacher interviews, participating in parent workshops and school council activities (including becoming a school council member), and encouraging your child to complete their assignments at home. Completing homework is crucial for passing this course.


Exemplars:samples of students CU projects

  1. Tornado Chasers by Imy

CU Topics for Physical Geography: Patterns, Processes and Interactions (CGF3MG)

  1. Air Quality
  2. aggregate mining (examples: mining by James Dick Group in Caledon, Guelph. James Dick Video.
  3. Avalanche
  4. biofuel production
  5. Biogeography
  6. Biogeomorphology
  7. Canadian Shield
  8. Center for International Disaster Information
  9. Climate Trends and Variations in Canada
  10. Climate Change What causes it? What are some problems associated with climate change? (Climate change used to be called Global Warming).
  11. Climate variability and change
  12. Climate Change: Understanding Canada’s vulnerability to climate change
  13. Climate Change Affects on the Health of People Living in Canada
  14. Climate
  15. climatology
  16. Climate System The physical climate system involves the earth's atmosphere, land surfaces, and oceans, along with the snow and ice that is so prominent in much of Canada. These components interact with one another and with aspects of the earth's biosphere to determine not only the day-to-day weather, but also the long-term averages that we refer to as 'climate'.
  17. earthquake
  18. fossil beds in Canada
  19. fracking - environmental impacts
  20. geomorphology
  21. Geotechnology Geotechnology combines knowledge about the earth, locally and globally, with an understanding of humans' increasing need for non-renewable resources and limited space. (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2012)
  22. GIS A geographic information system (GIS) lets us visualize, question, analyze, interpret, and understand data to reveal relationships, patterns, and trends.
  23. Greenhouse Gas Emissions More info
  24. Great Lakes - dropping water levels
  25. Great Lakes - wave erosion
  26. indigenous relationship with the land
  27. landscape dynamics
  28. Niagara Escarpment
  29. Ocean Networks Canada and the Project Neptune underwater monitoring system.
  30. oil and gas extraction - environmental impacts
  31. remote sensing tools
  32. satellite imagery use in mining
  33. satellite imagery use for environmental protection
  34. Tornado
  35. Tsunami
  36. volcano