Alexander Graham Bell

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The following article was researched and written by Baljit Singh Kang. More contributors.


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Alexander Graham Bell


Significance of Alexander Graham Bell

Quick facts about Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Bell was born in Edinburgh Scotland On March 3rd 1847

  • Founded Bell Canada in 1880
  • both his mother and wife were deaf, hoped to eliminate hereditary deafness
  • He had adopted the name Graham out of admiration for Alexander Graham a family friend
  • Bell was connected with the Eugenics movement of the U.S.
  • Was instrumental in the compulsory sterilization of people deemed to be “ Defectivevariety of the Human race” his ideas centered on the deaf this was due to his
  • feelings for his deaf family and his contact with deaf education
  • Wanted to outlaw marriage between deafs
  • Wanted to eradicate the language and culture of the deaf so As to force them to assimilate into the hearing culture
  • His family was associated with teaching elocution and so was he ,was a supporter of oralism over sign language.


jb_gilded_bell_3_e.jpg

Credit: “Alexander Graham Bell speaking on phone, 1892" Gilbert H. Grosvenor collection, prints and photographs Division, Library of Congress


Background for Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell had invented the telephone alongside “A young man named Thomas Watson,. who had offered mechanical ingenuity and true friendship.” (Pasacheff 128) Moreover Bell had developed an interesting theory and had further went on to explain to his partner. “Watson, if I can get a mechanism which will make a current of electricity vary in its intensity, as the air varies in density when a sound is passing through it I can telegraph any sound even the sound of speech” (Pasacheff 155)


The two labored on the project for almost a year. Until a happy accident occurred on June 2nd, 1875. While Watson worked to loosen a reed that was wound around an electromagnet, Bell heard a noticeable twang, and realized this effect could be recreated with the human voice."Top Ten Greatest Canadians Alexander Graham Bell." The Greatest Canadian. Cbc.ca 30 10 2006


Alexander Graham Bell had invented the telephone alongside “A young man named Thomas Watson. Who had offered mechanical ingenuity and true friendship.” (Pasacheff 128) Moreover Bell had developed an interesting theory and had further went on to explain to his partner. “Watson, if I can get a mechanism which will make a current of electricity vary in its intensity, as the air varies in density when a sound is passing through it I can telegraph any sound even the sound of speech” (Pasacheff 155)


The two labored on the project for almost a year. Until a happy accident occurred on June 2nd, 1875. While Watson worked to loosen a reed that was wound around an electromagnet, Bell heard a noticeable twang, and realized this effect could be recreated with the human voice."Top Ten Greatest Canadians Alexander Graham Bell." The Greatest Canadian. Cbc.ca 30 10 2006

jb_gilded_bell_2_m.jpg

Credit: Bell, Alexander Graham. "Alexander Graham Bell's design sketch of the telephone, ca. 1876. " Ca 1876. Alexander Graham Bell Family Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.


The first words ever transmitted over the telephone were of Alexander Graham Bell saying “Mr. Watson, come here, I need you” in such excitement he had decided to patent the invention and later on staged demonstrations of the telephone in 1877 he went ahead and formed the Bell telephone company.

In addition the French Government during 1880 had awarded Bell the Volta prize of 50,000 Francs in recognition of his invention of the telephone . Bell had further went onto put the prize money to a good cause later that year by opening the Volta Laboratory in Washington. This workspace had witnessed the inventions of the photophone and the graphonphone. The photophone allowed for the transmission of sound on a beam of light, a precursor to modern day fiber optics, and laser communication systems. Bell believed this device to be his most important invention. He used the photophone to transmit the first wireless telephone message on June 3, 1880. <http://www.fi.edu/case_files/bell/phone.html>


Bell had many ideas which had been realized after in inventions. During one of his experiments at the Volta Laboratory, Bell and his partners considered impressing a magnetic field on a record, as a means of reproducing sound. Although they had briefly experimented with the concept, they were unable to develop a workable prototype . They abandoned the idea, never realizing they had glimpsed a basic principle which would one day find its application in the tape record, the hard disc, floppy drive, and other magnetic material. Furthermore Bell’s own home used a primitive form of air-conditioning in which fans blew currents of air across great blocks of ice. He also anticipated modern concerns with fuel shortages and industrial pollution. Methane gas, he reasoned, could be produced from the waste of farms and factories. At his Canadian estate in Beinn Bhreagh, Nova Scotia, he experimented with composting toilets and devices to capture water from the atmosphere. In a magazine interview shortly published before his death, he reflected on the possibility of using solar panels to heat houses <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Graham_Bell> After many years since it beginnings back in 1877 Bell Canada named after Alexander Graham Bell is a leading telephone service provider.



Bibliography

"Alexander Graham Bell." Wikipedia. 30 10 2006 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Graham_Bell>.

"Gilded Age (1878-1889)." Alexander Graham Bell Invented the Photophone. The Library of Congress . 9 12 2006 <http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/gilded/jb_gilded_bell_3_e.html>.

"Gilded Age (1878-1889)." Alexander Graham Bell Invented the Photophone . The Library Of Congress. 11 Dec 2006 <http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/gilded/jb_gilded_bell_2.html>. 16 Dec 2006 <http://www.fi.edu/case_files/bell/phone.html>. 1 (John) Johnston, A J B. "Reluctant Genius: The Passionate Life and Inventive Mind of Alexander Graham Bell." The Beaver. Winnipeg 86.51. 31/10/2006 <http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1146758621&sid=10&Fmt=3&clienld=63794&RQT=309&VName=PQD>.

Pasacheff, Naomi. Making connections. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

"Top Ten Greatest Canadians Alexander Graham Bell." The Greatest Canadian. Cbc.ca 30 10 2006 <http://www.cbc.ca/greatest/top_ten/nominee/bell-alexander-graham.html>.


External Sites Relating to Alexander Graham Bell